Das US-BIP (1.Veröffentlichung) ist im ersten Quartal mit +2,3% besser ausgefallen als erwartet (Prognose war +2,0%; Vorquartal war +2,9%).
Der Preisindex des BIP (BIP-Deflator) liegt bei +2,0% (Prognose war +2,2%; Vorquartal war +2,3%).
Die realen Konsumausgaben liegen bei +1,1% (Prognose war +1,2%; Vorquartal war +1,2%).
„Real gross domestic product (GDP) increased at an annual rate of 2.3 percent in the first quarter of 2018, according to the „advance“ estimate released by the Bureau of Economic Analysis. In thefourth quarter, real GDP increased 2.9 percent.
The increase in real GDP in the first quarter reflected positive contributions from nonresidential fixed investment, personal consumption expenditures (PCE), exports, private inventory investment, federal government spending, and state and local government spending. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, increased (table 2).
The deceleration in real GDP growth in the first quarter reflected decelerations in PCE, residential fixed investment, exports, and state and local government spending. These movements were partly offset by an upturn in private inventory investment. Imports, which are a subtraction in the calculation of GDP, decelerated.
Current-dollar GDP increased 4.3 percent, or $211.2 billion, in the first quarter to a level of $19.97 trillion. In the fourth quarter, current-dollar GDP increased 5.3 percent, or $253.5 billion.
The price index for gross domestic purchases increased 2.8 percent in the first quarter, compared with an increase of 2.5 percent in the fourth quarter (table 4). The PCE price index increased 2.7 percent, the same increase as in the fourth quarter. Excluding food and energy prices, the PCE price index increased 2.5 percent, compared with an increase of 1.9 percent (appendix table A).
Current-dollar personal income increased $182.1 billion in the first quarter, compared with an increase of $186.4 billion in the fourth quarter. Decelerations in personal interest income, rental income, and nonfarm proprietors‘ income were largely offset by accelerations in wages and salaries and in government social benefits.
Personal current taxes decreased $40.1 billion in the first quarter compared with an increase of $50.1 billion in the fourth quarter.
Disposable personal income increased $222.1 billion, or 6.2 percent, in the first quarter, compared with an increase of $136.3 billion, or 3.8 percent, in the fourth quarter. Real disposable personal income increased 3.4 percent, compared with an increase of 1.1 percent.
Personal saving was $462.1 billion in the first quarter, compared with $379.8 billion in the fourth quarter. The personal saving rate — personal saving as a percentage of disposable personal income was 3.1 percent in the first quarter, compared with 2.6 percent in the fourth quarter.“
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