Konjunkturdaten

US-Verbrauchervertrauen (Michigan) fällt weiter – Inflationserwartungen so hoch wie seit 1981 nicht mehr

Das Verbrauchervertrauen der Uni Michigan (1.Veröffentlichung für März) ist mit 59,7 schwächer ausgefallen als erwartet (Prognose 61,4; Vormonat war 67,2).

Die Einschätzung der aktuellen Lage liegt bei 67,8 (Vormonat war 68,5)

Die Konsumentenerwartung liegt bei 54,4 (Vormonat war 57,4)

Die Inflationserwartungen:

– one year inflation expectations 5.4% versus 4.9% last month
– five year inflation expectations 3.0% vs 3.0% last month

Dazu schreibt Richard Curtin, der die Umfrage verantwortet:

„Consumer Sentiment continued to decline due to falling inflation-adjusted incomes, recently accelerated by rising fuel prices as a result of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. The year-ahead expected inflation rate rose to its highest level since 1981, and expected gas prices posted their largest monthly upward surge in decades. Personal finances were expected to worsen in the year ahead by the largest proportion since the surveys started in the mid-1940s. Consumers held very negative prospects for the economy, with the sole exception of the job market. Consumers were slightly more likely to anticipate declines rather than increases in the national unemployment rate. This underlying strength in jobs comes at the cost of pushing inflation even higher due to unrelenting pressures on aggregate demand and supply lines. The persistent strength in demand was a critical factor that shaped the last inflationary age from 1965 to 1982, with stagflation peaking only near its end. Current expectations are consistent with heightened pressures on wages to meet the continued growth in demand. Like the game of musical chairs, everyone continues racing around the circle of rising prices and higher wages. Although everyone knows the game will end, everyone still wants to obtain the highest income possible before they exit. The game is moderated by fiscal and monetary policies, which now favor increased federal spending and full employment over price stability, enabling ever more rounds of the game.

The greatest source of uncertainty is undoubtedly inflation and the potential impact of the Russian invasion of Ukraine. In the March survey, 24% of all respondents spontaneously mentioned the Ukraine invasion in response to questions about the economic outlook. The impact of this recognition was associated with a drop of 13.2 Index points in the Index of Consumer Expectations across all households. The difference was much larger for those who held higher inflation expectations: the difference was 33.5 Index-points on the Expectations Index for those who expected under 5% compared with over 5%.



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