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Iran-Atom-Deal: Offizielle Veröffentlichung der USA zum Ausstieg – mit unserem Kommentar

Also, es ist nun endlich soweit. Die USA treten aus dem Atom-Deal aus. Jedes Land, dass dem Iran dabei helfen werde sich atomar aufzurüsten, werde ebenfalls hart sanktioniert, so sagte es Donald Trump ganz klar. Aber dürfen Drittstaaten „normalen“ Handel mit dem Iran betreiben, wenn sie keinen Ärger mit den USA haben wollen?

Offensichtlich wollen die USA die Sache knallhart durchziehen. So kann man nachlesen, dass die wieder eingeführten Sanktionen besonders kritische Sektoren wie Energie, Öl und Finanzen treffen sollen. Diejenigen, die mit dem Iran aktuell Handel betreiben, sollen eine „gewisse Übergangszeit“ gewährt bekommen um ihre Handelsaktivitäten mit dem Iran herunterzufahren. Diejenigen Staaten, die dies nicht täten, würden ernsthafte Konsequenzen zu spüren bekommen.

Laut ganz aktuellen Aussagen des US-Finanzministeriums handele es sich dabei um Fristen von 90 und 180 Tagen. Danach treten die Sanktionen voll in Kraft. Das Ministerium hat vorhin inhaltlich interessantere Infos zu dem Thema veröffentlicht als das Weiße Haus. Man werde Kapitalzuflüsse zum Iran abschneiden, damit der Iran keinen Terror mehr finanzieren könne. Das klingt nach vollumfänglichen Sanktionen. Hier der wichtigste Teil im Wortlaut:

Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) is taking immediate action to implement the President’s decision. Sanctions will be reimposed subject to certain 90 day and 180 day wind-down periods. At the conclusion of the wind-down periods, the applicable sanctions will come back into full effect. This includes actions under both our primary and secondary sanctions authorities. OFAC posted today to its website frequently asked questions (FAQs) that provide guidance on the sanctions that are to be re-imposed and the relevant wind-down periods. Below is a statement from Secretary of the Treasury Steven T. Mnuchin in response to the President’s decision: “President Trump has been consistent and clear that this Administration is resolved to addressing the totality of Iran’s destabilizing activities. We will continue to work with our allies to build an agreement that is truly in the best interest of our long-term national security. The United States will cut off the IRGC’s access to capital to fund Iranian malign activity, including its status as the world’s largest state sponsor of terror… usw.

Wer es ganz genau lesen will: Über diesen Link findet man die ganz genauen Details zu den Sanktionen.

Betroffen von den Sanktionen wird der Ankauf des Iran von US-Dollar-Noten, das Anfahren iranischer Häfen, der Kontakt mit iranischen Reedern, Geschäfte mit der iranischen Notenbank, Geschäfte mit dem gesamten iranischen Ölsektor, der Handel mit Gold, Kohle uvm. Es wird also eine richtig harte Nummer. Und wer sich etwas auskennt, der weiß: Die Amerikaner ziehen die Nummer mit den Sanktionen gegen Drittstaaten ebenfalls knallhart durch! Lassen sich die Russen und Chinesen davon beeindrucken? Es wird spannend.

Hier der offizielle Original-Text vom Weißen Haus:

PROTECTING AMERICA FROM A BAD DEAL: President Donald J. Trump is terminating the United States’ participation in the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran and re-imposing sanctions lifted under the deal.

President Trump is terminating United States participation in the JCPOA, as it failed to protect America’s national security interests.

The JCPOA enriched the Iranian regime and enabled its malign behavior, while at best delaying its ability to pursue nuclear weapons and allowing it to preserve nuclear research and development.
The President has directed his Administration to immediately begin the process of re-imposing sanctions related to the JCPOA.

The re-imposed sanctions will target critical sectors of Iran’s economy, such as its energy, petrochemical, and financial sectors.

Those doing business in Iran will be provided a period of time to allow them to wind down operations in or business involving Iran.

Those who fail to wind down such activities with Iran by the end of the period will risk severe consequences.

United States withdrawal from the JCPOA will pressure the Iranian regime to alter its course of malign activities and ensure that Iranian bad acts are no longer rewarded. As a result, both Iran and its regional proxies will be put on notice. As importantly, this step will help ensure global funds stop flowing towards illicit terrorist and nuclear activities.

IRAN’S BAD FAITH AND BAD ACTIONS: Iran negotiated the JCPOA in bad faith, and the deal gave the Iranian regime too much in exchange for too little.

Intelligence recently released by Israel provides compelling details about Iran’s past secret efforts to develop nuclear weapons, which it lied about for years.

The intelligence further demonstrates that the Iranian regime did not come clean about its nuclear weapons activity, and that it entered the JCPOA in bad faith.

The JCPOA failed to deal with the threat of Iran’s missile program and did not include a strong enough mechanism for inspections and verification.

The JCPOA foolishly gave the Iranian regime a windfall of cash and access to the international financial system for trade and investment.

Instead of using the money from the JCPOA to support the Iranian people at home, the regime has instead funded a military buildup and continues to fund its terrorist proxies, such as Hizballah and Hamas.
Iran violated the laws and regulations of European countries to counterfeit the currency of its neighbor, Yemen, to support the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps (IRGC) Quds Force’s destabilizing activities.

ADDRESSING IRANIAN AGGRESSION: President Trump is committed to ensuring Iran has no possible path to a nuclear weapon and is addressing the threats posed by the regime’s malign activities.

President Trump will work to assemble a broad coalition of nations to deny Iran all paths to a nuclear weapon and to counter the totality of the regime’s malign activities.

Nations must work together to halt the Iranian regime’s destabilizing drive for regional hegemony.
In Syria, the Iranian regime supports the Assad regime and is complicit in Assad’s atrocities against the Syrian people.

In Yemen, the regime has escalated the conflict and used the Houthis as a proxy to attack other nations.

In Iraq, Iran’s IRGC sponsors Shia militant groups and terrorists.

In Lebanon, the Iranian regime enables Hizballah to play a highly destabilizing role and to build an arsenal of weapons that threatens the region.

The Administration’s actions are directed against the malign behavior of the Iranian regime, not against the Iranian people, who are the regime’s longest-suffering victims.
President Trump is making clear that, in addition to never developing a nuclear weapon, the Iranian regime must:

Never have an ICBM, cease developing any nuclear-capable missiles, and stop proliferating ballistic missiles to others.

Cease its support for terrorists, extremists, and regional proxies, such as Hizballah, Hamas, the Taliban, and al-Qa’ida.

End its publicly declared quest to destroy Israel.

Stop its threats to freedom of navigation, especially in the Persian Gulf and Red Sea.
Cease escalating the Yemen conflict and destabilizing the region by proliferating weapons to the Houthis.

End its cyber-attacks against the United States and our allies, including Israel.
Stop its grievous human rights abuses, shown most recently in the regime’s crackdown against widespread protests by Iranian citizens.

Stop its unjust detention of foreigners, including United States citizens.



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